Lighthouses of Cape Town
If pharology (the study of lighthouses) brings a twinkle to your eye, there are 10 places along the Cape coast where you’ll find them.
The precursors to today’s modern automated lighthouses were large fires set on the water’s edge to warn sailors that they were approaching land. The Egyptians were the first to build lighthouses. They also constructed the tallest lighthouse ever built, a 274m beacon that guided ships for more than 1 500 years. Lighthouses were also built by the Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans.
A number of lighthouses are now open to the public for a small entrance fee and tours are conducted by the lighthouse keepers.
The Milnerton Lighthouse is a 21m white concrete tower that dates back to 1960. The lighthouse can be found in the Cape Town suburb of Milnerton on the West Coast, en route to Cape Columbine. It stands sentinel over the panoramic view of Table Mountain, with Table Bay in the foreground.
The only rock lighthouse on the South African coast is the 1861 Roman Rock Lighthouse, a circular cast-iron tower. It occupies a position atop Roman Rock, at the entrance to the historical naval harbour of Simon’s Town.
This lighthouse is unique, as it was built on a single large rock that is exposed at low tide, but covered at high tide. It took four years to complete the installation of the prefabricated cast-iron tower, which was sent out from England.
The Roman Rock Lighthouse stands proudly today, still defying the south-easterly gales and surging seas that have battered it for 142 years. In 1919, an automated lighting system was installed and the lighthouse keeper was retired from his inhospitable home. Today the lighthouse continues to emit one flash every six seconds over the waters of False Bay, to guide the country’s naval vessels home.
At 33m from base to balcony, the Slangkop Lighthouse at Kommetjie is the tallest cast-iron tower on the South African coast.
Commissioned in 1919, the lighthouse looks out over the surfers, fishermen and divers in the seaside village of Kommetjie and remains a familiar landmark along the road from Cape Point. The walkway from the Kom – the sea basin, called a kommetjie (“little bowl”), from which the village gets its name – to the lighthouse provides a good viewing spot for offshore seabirds such as albatrosses, petrels and Cape gannets.
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Martin Melck House is one of the oldest colonial homes in South Africa named after its first owner. Its history is intimately entwined with that of Cape Town itself.
PRINS & PRINS DIAMONDS MUSEUM OF GEMS AND JEWELLERY
This unique museum project takes visitors on a journey from when diamonds first began to form three billion years ago and their 150 km journey to the surface, following the unique path of South African diamonds from their origin in extinct volcanoes to the deposits along our coastline. Learn about unique and rare gemstones, and see how jewellery has changed through thousands of years. The story about South Africa’s mineral wealth is told, not only for diamonds, but also for our Platinum and Gold deposits.
This cultural village aims to remind us of our origin and serves as the reservoir for African knowledge pertaining to nature and traditions, giving us an opportunity to celebrate who we are through music (wonderful sounds from live bands) or from its’ distinct fineness of cuisine, topped up with African (local) arts and crafts.
Hot summer sun, extra long days and warm nights, sun-kissed skin and time to spend with loved ones; summer in Cape Town is the ideal time to get outdoors and enjoy getting closer to the spectacular nature that is within minutes from the bustling city.
Diamonds were formed three billion years ago by molecular-changing heat of around 1 300 °C, deep within the Earth’s crust. If you didn’t know that, then you have not been to the Cape Town Diamond Museum.
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